This chapter outlines a number of important theoretical frameworks in cognitive stylistics and offers examples of how they may be used to develop poetic texts in the revision process. The author discusses the relationship between figure and ground (see Evans and Green, 2006, pp. 65–75; Stockwell, 2002, pp. 13–26), and trajectors and landmarks (Langacker, 2013, pp. 70–73), because these are the basic level cognitive aspects of how we tend to apprehend the world and what is happening in it. Scripts and schema (Schank and Abelson, 1977; Semino, 2014, pp. 119–192) are also selected, as these operate on a more intermediate level in terms of the global state of affairs presented in the text, and the various states of affairs that may be evoked by the text in terms of previous experiences. Use is made of blending theory (Fauconnier and Turner, 2002) as it deals particularly with how metaphors operate. As an example of a more macro-level approach, the author also discusses Text World Theory (Werth, 1999; Gavins, 2007), as this is a global framework of text structure that can offer insights into the relationships between different types of worlds portrayed in the text. The chapter illustrates how these frameworks can be useful to poets in the revision processes by using examples of changes in poetic image or poem structure.
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- Making Creative Use of Cognitive Stylistic Frameworks in the Revising Process
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