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A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers that consists of horizontal rows and vertical columns. A matrix with m rows and n columns is termed an m × n matrix, where m and n are its dimensions. A matrix with an equal number of rows and columns is termed a square matrix. Various operations such as the addition and multiplication of matrices are considered, and the determinant and inverse of a matrix is discussed. The application of matrices to solving a set of linear equations using Gaussian elimination is considered.
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Numerical Analysis. 4th Edition. Richard L. Burden and J. Douglas Faires. PWS Kent. 1989.
- Matrix Theory
- Springer International Publishing
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- Chapter 8