Many jurisdictions make provision for addressing the particular problems that arise when someone who has committed a criminal offence is also found to be suffering from a mental disorder. While many prisons have mental health units, the general environment of prisons is not designed with the needs of this group in mind. Many countries have therefore built specialised secure hospital units for persons whom it is thought necessary to contain, but who are seen as being in urgent need of treatment for mental health problems in addition to restraint of their criminal conduct. Broadly speaking, there are two major aspects to these arrangements. First, some individuals who have committed offences are judged as not having been fully responsible for their actions when they carried them out.
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