As we have previously seen, your choice of research methods depends upon the methodology you are using, and the research questions you are asking. It also depends to a great extent upon the discipline area in which you are studying and your view of the world. An argument that sees a dichotomy or polar opposition between positivist methodology (deductive, quantitative data collection and interpretation) and the postpositivist (which is inductive, develops theory, and uses qualitative methods) is an easy rule of thumb to determine worldviews and approaches. However, this is actually an over-simplification, as some researchers combine across the inductive and deductive, qualitative and quantitative, and some research projects are built in stages which, for example, begin deductively, then develop inductively (or vice versa). Let us begin with the overly simple distinctions and then move on to recognising how researchers and research combine across them.
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