St. Jerome (c. 347–420), a theologian and the patron saint of translators, was one of the few early Latin scholars with a good knowledge of Hebrew, and also one of the first to attempt to ‘map’ the descendants of Noah and identify them with modern European peoples, as is shown in this extract from his commentary on the book of Genesis. For Jerome, the peoples of Europe were limited to seven in number — and in the case of the Cappadocians, actually settled in Asia Minor, whose eastern limits he takes care to demarcate.
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