The movement of people has helped shape the trajectory of history for as long as human communities have existed. Ever since the first groups of modern humans left Africa to populate the world, population movements have brought with them prosperity and devastation, cultural enrichment and annihilation, cooperation and conflict. Mass migration has contributed to the collapse of some great powers (the migration of Visigoths, Vandals and other peoples contributing to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the fifth century) and the rise of others (the mass emigration of some 60 million Europeans to the US in the nineteenth and early twentieth century). More recently, technological innovations have made long- distance relocation cheaper and easier, while the combination of globalization and inequality has primed the world’s working-age population to consider migration as a natural path to achieve economic opportunities and betterment. Add to this the record number of refugees, asylum seekers and other forced migrants fleeing a surge in political repression and wars, and it is safe to say that the movement of people will continue to be a salient feature of global politics throughout the twenty-first century.
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- Migrants and Refugees in Global Politics
- Macmillan Education UK
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