This chapter will examine a number of theories that seek to regulate the exercise of power by constitutional arrangements that ensure those occupying important political offices are constrained from acting wrongly and are encouraged to act rightly. The theorists discussed here almost invariably assume that assigning exclusive power to particular individuals, groups or classes carries with it the risk of tyranny, or the use of power for the benefit of those who hold it rather than in the interests of the community. This concern forms an important part of a range of theories containing very different specifications of the ends of politics and the location of power. However, to the concern about avoiding bad government is often added the problem of how government may be made a more effective force for the realization of fundamental goals. In other words, mixed government, balanced constitutions and the separation of powers are seen as ways of making the exercise of political power more effective, as well as avoiding its abuse.
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- Mixed Government, Balanced Constitutions and the Separation of Powers
- Macmillan Education UK
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- Chapter 9