In this chapter we will examine two central models of disability, the individual model and the social model, to illustrate the ways in which underlying ideas and concepts can shape policy and practice in health and social care. We will also consider the tragedy model and the affirmative model, which are closely associated with the individual and social models of disability. Some consideration will also be given to the term ‘long term conditions’, which is frequently used alongside ‘disability’ in research and policy documents.
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