The debate regarding the relative infl uence of nature and nurture on human development is an age-old one. The idea that humans might be primarily, or even exclusively, a product of their environments (nurture) can be found in the writings of the Greek philosopher, Aristotle. The concept of a baby as a tabula rasa, a blank slate, was further developed in the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth centuries and is perhaps best captured in the Jesuit motto Give me a child until he is seven and I will give you the ma (meaning that any child could be moulded by the age of seven, depending on their environment). More recently, in the twentieth century, Sigmund Freud argued that many adult personality traits result primarily from the childs early family history.
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