In this chapter, I define nationalism as the ideology of promoting the interests of a particular nation. Among these ‘interests’ are that the territory of the nation should correspond to a state, and that the nation should govern itself and protect its identity. This definition of nationalism can therefore include both movements that contest the status quo by stating that these two conditions are not met, on the one hand, and state initiatives to consolidate statehood by merging it with nationhood, on the other. In the case of Russia, these two trends exist in parallel, with several interplays at work.
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