The term ‘national identity’ is used in two related but different senses. First, it refers to an individual’s identity as a member of a political community as different from that of other kinds of community. Being French or Swedish is a national identity, just as being a Christian or a Hutu is a religious or an ethnic identity. Second, ‘national identity’refers to the identity of a political community, as when we ask what makes France or Sweden this community rather than some other. I shall begin with a brief discussion of the former sense and devote the rest of the chapter to the latter.
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