Although there are many examples of early civilizations trying to make sense of the world by approaching it rationally (the Greeks, medieval Arabic cultures), much human thought up until the Age of Enlightenment in the seventeenth century believed the world was preordained and God-given. The truth of things could be found in holy texts, which is to say the word of God, whomsoever your God happened to be. This meant that there wasn’t much enquiry into the whys and wherefores of nature, or indeed human conduct. Neither objective enquiry nor subjective reflection would reveal the truth of human being and human behaviour. The world was just as it is, divinely ordained, and you accepted your place in it without question.
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