The doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty maintains that Parliament has unlimited legal power to enact any law and also that it cannot be overridden by another body. In Jackson v A-G  1 AC 262 at , Lord Bingham described the doctrine as the bedrock of the British Constitution. The classical doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty was most famously stated by Dicey ((1915) 3–4): Parliament means, in the mouth of a lawyer, … the [Queen], the House of Lords and the House of Commons; these three bodies acting together may be aptly described as the ‘[Queen] in Parliament’, and constitute Parliament. The principle of parliamentary sovereignty means neither more nor less than this, namely, that Parliament thus defined has, under the English constitution, the right to make or unmake any law whatever and further that no person or body is recognised by the law of England as having the right to override or set aside the legislation of Parliament. It is easy to see that, from a political angle, this principle is unreal. Nobody could seriously believe that Parliament can make any law it wishes, and we know that the Queen has no political lawmaking power. What is the point therefore of the Queen being part of Parliament? We also know that most laws are in practice produced by the executive and that Parliament has insufficient time and expertise to do more than rubberstamp most of them.
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