So fundamental are political parties to the operation of modern politics that their role and signifi cance are often taken for granted. it is forgotten, for instance, that parties are a relatively recent invention. as political machines organized to win elections and wield government power, parties came into existence only in the early nineteenth century. now, however, they are virtually ubiquitous. the only parts of the world in which they do not exist are those where they are suppressed by dictatorship or military rule. Quite simply, the political party has become the major organizing principle of modern politics. Political parties are the vital link between the state and civil society, between the institutions of government and the groups and interests that operate within society. However, parties are by no means all alike.
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- Parties and party systems
- Macmillan Education UK
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- CHAPTER 11