During the final years of Apartheid in South Africa, I was teaching in the English department at the University of Zululand and moved to Johannesburg to teach in a newly formed breakaway department from the English department at Wits University (University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg), the department of African literature. Why the split? The English department, it was argued, was Eurocentric in its offerings, reflecting a colonial approach to literature and seeing Europe as the motherland and origin of culture and the South as the colony. The new department was Afrocentric, meaning that it focussed on local culture (Zulu and Xhosa and Tswana oral traditions, South African literature, both black and white, and then other African literature, then the diaspora, and finally European and American literature).
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