Whether a patient ends up in one control system or another is due often to contingencies. In effect, two control systems are in operation; a mental health system and a criminal justice system, one generally speaking taking non-offender patients, and the other taking offenders. I say generally speaking because things are rarely that straightforward. For example, the special hospitals take both types of patients, offenders and non-offenders alike, all detained in conditions of maximum security, and where non-offenders may remain detained longer. An offender may be charged with an offence and diverted out of the criminal justice system into the mental health system, the offence is then discounted, transforming the erstwhile offender into a civil patient. This is the so-called parallel system, where sometimes the systems work in harmony, sometimes not, and sometimes without an apparent regard for any other.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- Psychiatric Services and Treatability
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number