Psychology itself is not a unified discipline but combines different approaches and theoretical orientations to the study of the individual and the individual in a social context. Its origins as an academic subject area — the science of mind and behaviour — go back over a hundred years. In its relatively brief history, however, there have been a number of crises or turning points, and although western academic psychology is well established, there are several areas of contention which have increased, exacerbated by competition for research funding.
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