As we noted in chapter 4, all professions seek to develop a ‘body of knowledge’. This knowledge tells the profession things about the world with which it has to deal. Medicine develops knowledge about the body, disease, illness, and health. It also builds up knowledge about what kind of medical interventions are likely to be effective in treating illness and disease and which bring about good health. Similar observations can be made about the knowledge base of engineers, clinical psychologists, and nurses.
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