As we have discussed in the chapter on methodology and methods, quantitative methods are usually chosen for positivist research that is based in the belief that there are facts which can be gathered about the world, and that large numbers and repetition guarantee the reliability of such facts. It seeks to prove certain things about a world believed knowable, in which knowledge is to be discovered rather than constructed. Such research would use a deductive research design which proves and tests theory rather than building it, and would be likely to use quantitative research methods and research vehicles such as surveys of large numbers, and observation of a number of activities mapped against a schedule.
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