Most regions of the world contain a multitude of strategies, ideas and identities relating to the region, which meet, merge and compete (Neumann 2003). There is a need to go beyond such diversity and understand the processes by which regions come into existence and are consolidated. When different processes of regionalization playing out in various fields and at various scales, intensify and converge within the same geographical area, this increases the cohesiveness and thereby the distinctiveness of the region in the making. This chapter outlines and advances the regionness framework as a comparative heuristic tool for understanding the construction and solidification of regions in terms of regional coherence and community.1 It ranges from regional social space, regional social complex, regional society and regional community to regional institutionalized polity. Regionness is also connected to the capacity to act in the outside world. The concept of regional actorness helps us understand a regions ability to influence the external world and its role in global transformation (issues explored in the last parts of this book).
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