Resistance theories address four sets of issues bearing on the legitimization of challenges to established authority. They justify resistance by reference to the rationale of government, they specify the conditions under which it may take place, they stipulate the form it may take and they identify the person or persons entitled to undertake it. The refutation of claims that resistance is never justified is central to this enterprise, and so too is the need to identify the circumstances in which there is no obligation to obey a ruler. The theorists discussed below offer a range of views about who may resist: some restrict this right to limited sections of the population, while others argue that in certain circumstances the right to resist is possessed by all or most of the population.
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- Resisting Unjust Rulers
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- Chapter 12