In the realist view, the so-called security dilemma that results from the anarchic structure of the international system sets extremely restrictive conditions for meaningful and durable international cooperation and governance to ever take place, especially in the field of security (see Chapter 2). While we tend to disagree with realists’ all-too bleak conception of unregulated anarchy, suggesting rather to conceive of the contemporary international system’s ordering principle as ‘regulated anarchy’ (Rittberger & Zürn 1990) or ‘heterarchy’ (Rittberger et al. 2010: ch. 5; see Chapter 12), we acknowledge that the obstacles to international cooperation and global governance are particularly challenging in the security field.
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