These terms are often confused, especially by civil engineers from an earlier generation, who will often refer to ‘the SI’ when they actually mean the ground investigation. The reason may be that in the previous century, ground investigation was the largest part of site investigation. In those days there were far fewer laws and regulations controlling the activities of those who wished to build. It is worth emphasising that interrelationship is a very important consideration. The environment and surroundings will affect the construction of the asset, and the asset will affect its surroundings and local environment. Both aspects need thorough investigation by the construction professional. Ground investigation is concerned with the properties of the ground in which a structure is designed and constructed. Site investigation is concerned with all aspects of the location of a structure and its interrelationship with its surroundings both during construction and in future use.
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