We only have to look at the technology surrounding us to know that the future is already here, but as we still talk and read to acquire knowledge, rather than downloading information directly to our brains, and human bodies still age and succumb to mortal illnesses, we might remain confident that the future is still around the corner. Such blurred distinctions are central to technology’s representation in Young Adult (YA) fiction and, as technology moves forward, yesterday’s science fiction becomes today’s science fact. In 1991 cyborg theorist Donna Haraway wrote that the ‘boundary between science fiction and social reality is an optical illusion’ (149) and reading contemporary YA novels alongside a magazine such as Wired, reporting on how technological innovation is shaping the world, shows this remains true.
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