Temperament refers to innate elements of personality, rather than those learned through experience, imitation or modelling. Although there is no consensus on exactly what elements of our personalities are in fact innate, various suggestions have been made including adaptability, introversion or extroversion, distractibility, mood and sensitivity. One of the better-known and most well-evidenced models of human personality is known as the Big Five or OCEAN, incorporating five non-overlapping domains of personality openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism. Openness to experience relates to the appreciation of novelty and variety or the display of curiosity about new things. Thus, people with less openness to experience will tend to prefer routine and familiarity.
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