As attachment theory has its deep roots in the evolutionary and animal behavioural sciences, an understanding of nature and biology is fundamental to any study of the discipline. But as nature gets played out in the particular environmental contexts in which it finds itself, the nurturing world of social relationships is also critical. Being adaptive, attachment behaviour gets influenced and shaped by the responses of other people, and in the early years no-one is more important in this shaping process than children’s primary caregivers. After all, it is the differences in these caregiving environments that give rise to the various patterns of attachment.
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