Feminist and gender perspectives have created more new readings of Miller’s plays than any other critical approach. June Schlueter’s Feminist Rereadings of Modern American Drama (1989) was particularly influential in opening up the exploration of feminist issues in Salesman and Crucible. Many essays explore the significance of the secondary role the women seem to have in the plays; however, other essays have examined the powerful and influential role of the female characters, and the intersection of masculine and feminine roles and identities. Death of a Salesman Kay Stanton’s 1989 essay ‘Women and the American Dream of Death of a Salesman’ is a comprehensive consideration of how the play illustrates a male- oriented pursuit of the American Dream, but argues that the men’s quest ‘requires unacknowledged dependence upon women as well as women’s subjugation and exploitation’.1 Stanton’s discussion defines three competing dimensions in the play: the Green World, the Business World, and the Home, all of which define the masculinity of the American Dream upon which the play is based and in which Willy struggles to define himself and his sons.2 Stanton maintains that all three of these worlds have ‘ascendant’ male figures and ‘submerged’ female presences. The Green World, for example, is seen in Willy’s longing for the pastoral, trees, flute music, planting, and Biff’s pleasure in the ranches and farms out west.
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