Buildings are formed by the assembly of large numbers of individual elements and components, of varying size and complexity. Historically the production and assembly of these components would have taken place on - site. As discussed in Chapter 1, vernacular architecture has developed as a result of the ability to fabricate components from locally available building materials. This was dictated by limitations in the ability to transport materials and fabricated components over even modest distances. With advances in transport networks and technology, notably during the Industrial Revolution, it became possible to transport materials and components over large distances. These advances introduced not only the possibility of using non - local materials but also of producing even sizable components away from the site. The possibility of mass producing components in a factory environment initiated a change in approach to the whole building process, with the beginnings of industrialised building.
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