As was noted at the end of Chapter 6, it was recognised at the time agreement was reached on the Nice Treaty that it contained little more than the minimum that was necessary to enable the EU to enlarge. The Treaty made provision for fitting the new member states into the Commission, the Council, the EP and the other EU institutions, but it did little to tackle wider matters relating to how the much larger and more heterogeneous EU could function with efficiency and effectiveness. Thus recognising the limitations of the Treaty they had contracted, the national leaders agreed at Nice to open up a debate on the future of the EU and to convene another IGC in 2004. To facilitate the debate and help prepare the IGC, the December 2001 European Council meeting issued the Laeken Declaration on the Future of the European Union which provided for the establishment of a Convention on the Future of Europe (European Council, 2001).
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