As the nation came into being, and states were added to the original thirteen, the same leaders and their constituency of white male property owners created a political culture in which both people and statesmen got a hearing. The war had brought together men from Massachusetts to Georgia. In the 1770s and 1780s, service in the army, on congressional committees, or on diplomatic missions had made them the most ardent believers in a new American people. But these men still had little experience of what a national political life might mean. They entered the 1790s with different state allegiances, and they held up different foreign countries as ideals. These leaders would build their nationalism on the job, and in an uneasy dialogue with the people. Except for Franklin, who died in 1790, the same men filled the highest positions – Washington, Jefferson, and Madison from Virginia; and Hamilton and Adams from New York and Massachusetts. James Monroe and John Marshall from Virginia, and Adams’s son, John Quincy, later joined them. All would find themselves showing consideration for the ordinary white man as much as for each other.
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