The division of political and administrative powers territorially between different spatial entities in society is as important a constitutional matter as the allocation of powers between branches of government and the creation of rules within which they operate. Though the decentralization of power to territorial units is given varying degrees of constitutional status in different countries, it has been adopted as part of the democratization process in all regions of the world (Turner, 1999b) and as a response to pressures from spatially defined minority groups for a measure of self-determination. Demands for unity following civil war (as in Uganda and Mozambique), state reconstruction in post-communist countries and improved service delivery (in parts of East Asia and Latin America) have also prompted the creation or reform of decentralized government in the ‘third wave’ of democratization.
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- The Decentralization of Political Power
B. C. Smith
- Macmillan Education UK
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