Those responsible for foreign policy have to face many different directions at once: towards the states and transnational actors of the international political system, but also increasingly inwards towards the citizens who pay their salaries. They must accept that policy outcomes are vulnerable to internal events and pressures just as, conversely, foreign policy impacts upon domestic politics. The current chapter discusses the theoretical relationship between the domestic and the foreign, with special reference to the domestic sources of foreign policy, meaning the impact of domestic politics, institutions and types of regime. Chapter 10 moves the argument in a more normative direc tion, by considering how far foreign policy is meaningful to modern citizens, and the extent to which they can participate in debates about foreign policy. If most political action now has an international dimension, then the problems of choice between responsibilities inside and out, or over where to use scarce resources, become even sharper than in the days of autarkic or Keynesian states. Given the challenges posed by globalization to sovereignty, to iden tity and to ethics, foreign policy represents the primary space where a given community encounters the world and can consider its options for action.
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- The Domestic Sources of Foreign Policy
- Macmillan Education UK
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- Chapter 9