What is unique about the migration crisis? How is it possible that the waves of asylum-seekers and irregular migrants coming ashore on the eastern Greek isles and Italy’s Lampedusa island could threaten to undermine a major accomplishment of the European integration project – the single market, of which the Schengen system of free movement of persons is a key part – and contribute to the UK’s decision to leave the EU (anti-immigrant sentiment was a significant influence on ‘leave’ voters)? Why have the EU and its member states struggled to find ‘solutions’? Finally, have such solutions as have been adopted resulted in ‘more’ or ‘less’ Europe? These are the broad questions informing this chapter on the European migration crisis. Two distinct lines of inquiry are followed in the chapter. The first seeks to discover whether the migration crisis arose from a ‘perfect storm’ of (mainly) unpredictable events.
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- The European Migration Crisis
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- Chapter 6