While the idea of ‘Europe’ has been evolving for centuries, serious efforts to encourage regional integration date back only to the end of the Second World War, when three critical needs came to the fore: economic reconstruction, security in the face of cold war tensions, and efforts to prevent European nationalism spilling over once again into conflict. At the core of political calculations was concern about the traditional hostility between France and Germany, and the belief that if these two states could cooperate it might provide the foundations for broader European integration.
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- The Evolution of the EU
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- Chapter 3