Looking to the future, in the short term of the next few decades, the basic assumption tends to be that weapons systems similar to those of the present will continue to dominate the military situation and the equations of force and capability. This view, a key aspect of what is termed ‘future proofing’, may be a mistake, but it is argued that aircraft carriers, submarines, destroyers, frigates and assault vessels will be the essential warships, and that they will serve as the basis for delivering fi repower (via aircraft, cruise missiles and shells) and troops. These suppositions assume that there will be scant equivalent at sea to the movement towards remotely controlled aircraft (drones) for air warfare, or that the existing platforms can be used as the basis for such weaponry. Thus, the two large British carriers ordered in 2008 are intended to remain in service until 2070 and are designed to have the space to carry new systems. The latter goal is also seen in the design of the British Type 45 destroyers.
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