This much was conceded to the emperor Anastasius by the great Ostrogoth King Theodoric (471–526). Although the ruler of a vast Germanic kingdom that included the city of Rome, Theodoric generously acknowledged that the East Roman Empire was the empire, and that he, at least in a nominal sense, was a mere viceroy. Until the rise of the Carolingian empire of Charlemagne in the late eighth century, western Christians, including the bishops of Rome, continued to accept the emperor in Constantinople as the ultimate sovereign.
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