Fitzgerald published his first novel in 1920 and his last completed one in 1934. In that time, the USA went from prosperity through catastrophe to slow recovery and the literary and cultural focus shifted from pleasure to politics. The historical context of Gatsby and Tender includes a rich mixture of elements: the aftermath of the First World War; the spectacular unintended results of Prohibition in the shape of organized crime and the rise of the gangster as a figure of folk myth; the spectre of government corruption in the Teapot Dome scandal; the presidential pursuit of pro-business policies; immense economic growth culminating in a boom followed by a bust; technological and organizational innovations which transformed the fields of transport, communications and popular entertainment; changes in the rights and roles of women; and the anxiety aroused by immigration and the restrictive legislation that resulted. All these elements play their parts in a range of ways in Gatsby and Tender.
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