The extent to which the HRA is radical is controversial. It was not introduced as a British Bill of Rights, but more as a tidying-up and cost-saving operation to ensure that UK law was in line with the ECHR and to reduce petitions to Strasbourg (Rights Brought Home: The Human Rights Bill (1997) Cm 3782; R (Pretty) v DPP  1 All ER 1). Unlike a classic bill of rights, the Act does not formally override parliamentary supremacy. Under its provisions, a sufficiently clearly worded statute overrides any human right, although the court must try to avoid this outcome. The HRA does not enact the ECHR as such. It incorporates the main ‘Convention rights’ (listed in Sched. 1), giving them defined consequences in UK law. All legislation must be interpreted in accordance with Convention rights and the Act provides remedies enforceable in the courts against public authorities who violate Convention rights. It also provides a mechanism for Parliament to reconsider legislation that violates a Convention right.
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