The Kosovo War (1998–99), the only phase where fighting occurred within Serbia, ended with Kosovo becoming an autonomous UN-administered area and Albanians still campaigning for independence. The war’s outcomes also weakened Milošević’s position, altered Macedonian politics, and further loosened links between Serbia and Montenegro — background issues in 1991– 95 which now entered the foreground of politics. Because of this timing, the first histories of the Yugoslav wars did not integrate Kosovo well: mid-1990s works could allude to Kosovo as a potential future zone of instability and a source of evidence about Milošević’s regime, but could not know the outcome, and some so heavily emphasized the Serb/Croat relationship that Kosovo remained sidelined. By 1998, however, the escalation made it possible to represent Kosovo as an imminent Balkan flashpoint — and to more successfully propose books on Kosovo to publishers. In 1998–99, several separate works on Kosovo appeared, giving Anglophone readers more detailed historical background [286; 287; 293]. Like the literature on Bosnia, they evaluated evidence about ethnic coexistence and antagonism on short- and long-term scales.
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