Under Tony Blair, the Labour Party became a formidable electoral machine, winning large majorities in three successive general elections from 1997, a record for the party. Under other leaders, Labour has proven much less sure-footed, struggling to become successful against the Conservative Party, with the tension between electability and adhering to the party’s principles being fought out internally on a number of occasions. Struggles over the totemic Clause IV of the party’s constitution, committing Labour to public ownership, under Hugh Gaitskell and Tony Blair are examples of this, while the 1974 and 1983 manifestos were considerably left-wing documents, by comparison with the party’s 1987 and 1997 programmes. In the aftermath of the 2015 general election, Labour again moved leftward with the election of veteran rebel Jeremy Corbyn to the leadership, an event which provoked further ideological infighting in the party.
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- The Labour Party
Dr Alistair Clark
- Macmillan Education UK
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