A collapse in royal authority would have been fatal to the sense of Scottish identity, for it was the crown, with the church, that had for centuries represented that identity. At times in the later fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries, the danger must have seemed real. Yet, though the crown was at times weak, enough remained of its authority to maintain the credibility of the kingdom. At the same time, the period from the 1370s to the early fifteenth century saw a remarkable literary and historical elaboration of the ideology of national identity. From 1424 onwards, there was a revival of the authority of the crown under James I and his successors; and a further elaboration of the national mythology, all reinforcing the sense of national identity which had been articulated during the Wars of Independence.
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- The National Identity
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