On 25 December 1066 William, Duke of Normandy, was crowned king of the English in Westminster Abbey. The service had some novel features. Music played a significant part in the coronation ceremony. From the time of Edgar the Te Deum had been sung, William the Conqueror introduced the liturgical acclamations known as the Laudes Regiae. They had been sung at the coronation of Charlemagne in 800 and during festivals in Normandy, but not in England before 1066. As another innovation imported from France and to become an integral part of the coronation service, Geoffrey, the Norman bishop of Coutances, speaking French, and Archbishop Aldred of York, speaking English, asked the assembled congregation whether they would accept the new king. Unfortunately the cries of acclamation were misunderstood by the guards outside the abbey. The atmosphere was tense and they misinterpreted the positive support for the king as sounds of a rebellion. They panicked and set fire to the surrounding buildings.
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