The Latin ode developed a distinct identity and these two classical forms provide the basis of the modern ode, which extends far beyond these origins. Typically the ode is elaborately or showily formal, elevated in tone and addressed to a person or object. It is a poem about something, rather than a dramatic or expressive piece. The Greek or Pindaric ode, associated with the poet Pindar, was a highly public form performed by a chorus with dancers and used to praise or celebrate athletes. The elaborate structure consists of three parts: the strophe, antistrophe and epode. The strophe introduces a subject, the antistrophe develops it and the epode provides a conclusion. Metrically the strophe is a complex stanza with lines of varying lengths; the antistrophe repeats this stanza, but the epode uses some different stanza form. The set of three stanzas may then be repeated. There are very few true Pindaric odes in English; the term comes to be used of any elaborately formal ode divided into stanzas, even where the strophic structure is not used.
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