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About this book

This book traces the origins and development of social work as we now know it. Providing an ambitious synthesis of historical and international material, it explores the different faces of social work, whether defined by social policy developments, professionalization, changes in client group, or shifts in practice orientation. This is a unique book undertaken by an author with a strong international reputation and, as such, it promises to be a landmark for years to come in the social work literature.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction: Social Work’s Histories

Abstract
When someone next to us stumbles, we may stretch out a hand to steady them or shove them stumbling to the floor and take their means of living.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 2. Before Social Work: to 1945

Abstract
All societies have ways of helping individuals, families and communities in difficulties.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 3. Social Work and Welfare States: 1945–1970s

Abstract
Is the development of social work and the welfare state intertwined? Between 1945 and the 1970s, it was a common assumption that societies had made progress so that the organised provision for people’s personal welfare was part of the role of the state and the most economically advanced states were welfare states, providing universal welfare for citizens.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 4. Social Work in Question: 1970s–2001

Abstract
In the last third of the twentieth century, political and social support for state welfare became more uncertain and social work’s role and position more ambiguous.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 5. Perceptions of Social Work’s Role

Abstract
As Wilensky and Lebeaux (1965: 14) put it: ‘No social problems ’ no welfare services, no profession of social work.’
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 6. Values and Philosophy

Abstract
The main focus of this chapter is the values embedded in the social care system that form social work.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 7. Agencies, Law and Social Order

Abstract
This chapter examines how social work forms social order.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 8. Professional and Trade Union Organisation

Abstract
The main focus of this chapter is on how social workers organise their profession and work activities and its consequences for the perception of social work as a profession or occupational group.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 9. Knowledge and Research

Abstract
The main focus of this chapter is on the development of social work knowledge, and research as a basis for social work knowledge.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 10. Education and Training

Abstract
Social work education emerged from the early social work agencies, and has developed as part of the education systems of the countries in which social work operates.
Malcolm Payne

Chapter 11. Social Work’s Futures

Abstract
This chapter brings together the book’s analysis by drawing together what present-day social work practice can learn from social work in the past.
Malcolm Payne
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