The two decades following the Second World War saw the final and most dramatic wave of independence sweep across the European empires in Asia, the Middle East and Africa — either as a result of more or less peaceful negotiations between the leaders of the nationalist movements and the European powers, or as the outcome of wars of liberation. There followed ‘one of the great transformations in modern history’, when all but a few million of the 780 million people living in the colonial possessions of the imperial powers ‘freed themselves from subject status’ (Barratt Brown, 1963, pp. 189–90).
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- The Politics of Neo-Colonialism and Dependency
B. C. Smith
- Macmillan Education UK
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