In their 2011 work on the politics of resilience Walker and Cooper note that ‘resilience as an operational strategy of risk management has more recently been taken up in financial, urban and environmental security discourses’ (Walker and Cooper, 2011, p.143). In the last decade ideas of resilience, and its underpinning principles, have also slowly infused into urban policy-making circles. Resilience perspectives have become increasingly rooted in urban and regional planning with policy makers and the public increasingly turning to planners in times of risk, crisis and uncertainty to provide protection from a volatile future:
As urban areas expand […] how to plan for resilience will continue to raise important questions for city governments and planners.
Urban planning approaches that recognise these challenges
and aim to maximise synergies between municipal government, the planning profession, hazard scientists, civil society, private sector, residents and other critical stakeholders
can prove highly effective in managing risk and emerge as a key component of resilience.
(Valdes and Purcell, 2013, emphasis added)