During the four months that followed the coup, the institutional structures of an authoritarian regime were established. Its model was the Napoleonic constitution of the Year XII. A head of state was to be elected for 10 years with the right to present his successor. The first article in ‘confirming and guaranteeing les grands principes proclamés en 1789’ recognized the rights of man and equality before the law. The President, as the elect of the Nation, was also to be responsible directly to the People through the exercise of manhood suffrage by all adult (over 21) males in regular elections and plebiscites. He would be responsible for the initiation and promulgation of legislation, for declaring war, negotiating treaties and for appointing ministers and officials. The constitution of 14 January 1852 transformed the government of the Republic and required little further modification following the restoration of the Empire on 2 December 1852.
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- The Restoration of Empire
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number