In the traditional contract the employer appoints a construction professional – either an architect or an engineer (A/E) – to carry out the design. In addition, these professionals will also be involved in making applications for planning permission, preparing the tender documents, the selection of a tenderer and (where they act as an appointed agent of the employer) carrying out the task of inspecting and approving the works on behalf of the employer. Quantity surveyors (QS) also carry out this role. The standard forms of contract therefore regulate in great detail the powers of construction professionals in administering the contract. Quantity surveyors will also be appointed separately to prepare cost estimates and carry out the valuation of work to be certified. They also act as project managers (PM) and contract administrators (CA). Increasingly, project managers are appointed to oversee the whole process on behalf of the employer. The NEC3 contract makes specific provision for the employment of the PM. The Project Management Institute was unsuccessful in seeking judicial review of the decision to recommend to the Privy Council the award of chartered status to the Association for Project Management. It sought unsuccessfully to challenge that decision in The Project Management Institute, R (On the Application Of) v. The Minister for the Cabinet Office & ors  EWCA Civ 21.
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