From the point of view of the working people of town and country, how ‘revolutionary’ had been the experience of 25 years of Revolution and Empire? To be sure, French people had experienced years of political upheaval and uncertainty but, in the end, was this just a time of dashed hopes and massive sacrifices, whether for national military security or, after 1795, for the territorial dreams of the Directory and Napoleon? Well over one million French people — not to mention those from other countries — had died in internal and external wars between 1792 and 1815: when the bloodshed finally abated, could the survivors only hope to reconstitute the essentials of daily life as they had been in the 1780s?
Swipe to navigate through the chapters of this book
Please log in to get access to this content
To get access to this content you need the following product:
- The Social Consequences of the Revolution
- Macmillan Education UK
- Sequence number
- Chapter number