Of William the Conqueror’s four sons two, William and Henry, became kings of England. One, Richard, had a fatal hunting accident when still a teenager; Robert succeeded to Normandy. Under pressure from some of his barons he showed some aspirations to the English throne, but these were hardly realistic. He could not maintain authority in Normandy, and although he distinguished himself on Crusade it was said that he declined the offer to make him king of Jerusalem on the grounds that it would involve too much hard work. He remained an irritant to his brothers until his defeat at Tinchebrai in 1106 and subsequent lifelong imprisonment, when his son William Clito became a focus of hostility to Henry.
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